Technology may be just the ticket to flip the classroom.
The concept of the flipped classroom, where students learn a lesson at home and do "homework" in the class, has been around for some time, but technology might be the key to making it work.
Students learn the material prepared by the teacher at home, in their own time, and most importantly, at their own pace. In class, the teacher acts as a tutor, helping students and providing a student-centered type of classroom. The traditional classroom is all about having the teacher lecturing for 40 to 80 minutes about the subject to a passive class. Flipped classrooms are believed to be more student-centered.
In the flipped classroom, the students come back to class with the subject learned in a more dynamic, entertaining way. They are now ready to be guided by their teacher, who acts as a facilitator. The students are engaged in activities where they will apply what they learned at home. If they are stuck, the teacher goes into action and helps to make sure the student's knowledge and understanding of the topic keeps on flowing.
Flipped teaching is not against face-to-face interaction, as some critics suggest. On the contrary, it enhances the students' interaction with their teacher in the classroom, in a more collaborative and friendly atmosphere.
But a flipped classroom relies on engaging online material that students can study at home -- usually screencasts provided by the teacher, or video courses like the ones provided by the Khan Academy or Crash Course. It is only after they've learned the lesson at home that students come to class to put that knowledge into practice.
Watch this video where Aaron Sams, a chemistry teacher, who in 2006 started using and developing this educational tool called Flipped Classroom, explains how his Flipped Classroom works:
What about the students' perspective? Here is what students from The Flipped High School, the name by which the Clintondade High School is known, say:
Greg Green, principal of the ClintonDale High School in Detroit, flipped the entire school. As a result, the students are more engaged, and scores have considerably improved. The technology they use is centered around Tech Smith's Camtasia Relay, Wacom displays and tablets, and Dell laptops. The school has reported a reduction of failure rates of 33 percent, and a reduction of 66 percent in their discipline problems.
How can CIOs help the flipped classroom? Supporting it by making sure the teachers in their educational institution have the right tools and IT support to create an efficient technology-assisted environment for their students, and by helping teachers in the creation of good streaming video presentations. Producing a video lecture is a one-time thing, and it will be used multiple times, making it a great time investment, but only if the material is engaging and useful.
Whether you're really ready to flip all your classrooms, there are concepts any CIO can put into place. Many CIOs often center their technology investment on in-class experience. Flipped classrooms demonstrate the value of allowing technology to leave the school and enter the home. Engaging students in learning needs to be a 24-hour effort. The only way that is going to happen is for CIOs to change their outlooks.
What a fantastic idea. And a fantastic use of BYOD! I could see how kids would look forward to class because they're totally engaged and interacting and helping each other instead of just sitting there.
Other than the possible downside that Dave mentioned and the obvious technology hurdles, are there any disadvantages here?
The students who wait until the last minute to prepare for exams will wait until the last minute not matter what type of classroom they have. That's never going to change.
What I think is that the Flipped Classroom is a better alternative for various reasons, one being the fact that students can play and reply the lesson as many times as they want, getting the best undersatnding of it, and learning at their own pace. Some students need more time than others to assimilate certain subjects.
If you could go back to school, would you choose a flipped or traditional classroom?
"How could you help them flip the class in your local school?"
You could present the concept of the Flipped Classroom to the director of the school and the CIO. You could show them how the Flipped Highschool has reported a positive outcome in both test results and discipline.
The CIO could see if the school has the necessary technoly to support the teachers' work in flipping the classroom. If not, he could design a plan with the goal of getting all what is needed for a successful implementation.
They could survey the students and teachers. Finally, the school should implement a teachers' training program on how to effectively flip the classroom. Voilá! There they go. :)
I personally believe the Flipped Classroom is one of the best tools in education at the moment.
Yes and that is the beauty of technoogy. I think this is a good move if you are ready to take up the challenge. At one point you do need to take the challenge and do the change over from manual to automatic so this is the time to test it before throwing them straight away.
I don't think they have extra work, on the contrary, it's less at home and more in class.
The length of the recorded lectures varies according to subject, and topic. This is also good because the video lecture can concentrate on only one thing at a time, if necessary. Another great advantage is that the students can reply the lecture as many times as they need/want. --You can't pause and reply the live teacher, can you?-- This is nice because many teachers are bothered if students interrup with a question in the middle of the lecture.
The students don't have to do more work at home. On the contrary, they spend less time "attending" the lectures in their homes/libraries, as if they were in class. Homework --the practical application of the subject-- is done with the teacher's supervision and help in class. So if the students have questions, don't understand something, need help, etc, the teacher is there. At home the parents are not really capable to help like a teacher does.
I believe the flipped classroom can help many kids in actually learning the stuff they have to learn with less cheatting, with more motivation, and understanding more about what they learn. Anyone (parent, sibling, friend) can do their homework at home. In class, they have to do it themselves.
Did you watch some of the lessons from the Flipped Highschool's class content? I think they're doing a great job, and getting good results that show it works better than the traditional classroom, which I do believe to be true. Here is a Science lesson, on DNA and RNA.
I was fascinated by this 25-minute Algebra lesson. :) It looks easy, and everything. I was one of those cases in Math, who would have loved to be able to pause the teacher when needed.
I like this idea, it is very innovative. I enjoy that the student has all the material at home and they can review it in order to understand the material better, if they require more assistance they can reach out to the teacher during class. I think approach will depend on the student population. I have heard of student whom even with the material available wait until the last minute to prepare for an exam, in such cases a regular classroom will be the best choice. At least, its good to know you have such option availabe.
What an innovative concept. This could really help students learn better, since it's often only after you think you learned the material that you realize you missed something, then, in the traditional homework way, there's no one to ask. This idea combined with the one laptop, one child philosophy making sure each child has access to technology for educational purposes could create a class of highly educated people to be the next leaders. How could you help them flip the class in your local school?
Susan0 This is very interesting, but I have to say my instinct is that the benefit is that you'll be forcing kids to just work a lot more. For some kids to understand the concepts in an 8 minute lecture so they can do the work in the classroom, they'll be spending the evening doing as much work as they would have done in the classroom and then they'll have to go to school and work just as hard.
Sounds like the fastest way to overwork a kid having trouble. I'm sure the brighter kids with lots of support from home would do fine, but for the other kids it would be like going to school twice a day.
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